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Of Bronchitis and Emphysema. Detailed Information

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Of Bronchitis and Emphysema

Bronchitis usually refers to an acute inflammation of the air passages in your lungs. The airways that connect the windpipe (trachea) to the lungs. It causes coughing, shortness of breath and chest tightness. Cough is often yellow or green mucus. There are two main types of bronchitis: acute and chronic. Acute bronchitis is often caused by the same viruses that cause colds. It usually begins as a sore throat, runny nose or sinus infection, then spreads to your airways. It can cause a dry cough that remain. Acute Bronchitis can result from breathing vapors irritant, such as tobacco smoke or polluted air. Bronchitis may be indicated by a expectorating cough, shortness of breath (dyspnea), and wheezing. Occasionally, chest pain, fever, fatigue or malaise and may also occur.



  • Take aspirin or acetaminophen (Tylenol) if you have a fever.
  • Do not give aspirin to children .
  • Drinking fluids is very important.
  • A cool mist vaporizer or humidifier can help decrease bronchial irritation. Smile





  • Wash your hands frequently to avoid spreading viruses and other infections. 4.
  • Get an annual flu vaccine and a pneumococcal vaccine as directed by your doctor.



Bronchitis Treatment and prevention Tips 1. Take a nonprescription cough medicine. 2. Limit your exposure to pollutants and other lung irritants. The first impression is the best impression. We have written this article on Bronchitis Caused in such a way that the first impression you get will definitely make you want to read more about it! Surprised.

Acute bronchitis often begins with a dry cough annoying which is triggered by the inflammation of the bronchial wall. Bronchitis caused by Adenoviridae can cause systemic symptoms and gastroentestinal. Chronic bronchitis is a condition in the long run. Chronic bronchitis is also known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD for short. Cigarette smoking and exposure to tobacco smoke are also risk factors for bronchitis. People who have chronic bronchitis are more susceptible to bacterial infections of the lungs and respiratory tract, such as pneumonia. Pneumonia is more common in smokers and people exposed to the occasion smoke.One of the best ways to guard against acute bronchitis info wash their hands frequently to get rid of viruses. Minimize exposure to air pollutants.



  • Catarrh is a mucus discharge or blockage caused by the swelling of the mucous membranes in the nasal and sinus passages.
  • Catarrh is usually associated with the common cold.
  • However, it can be a symptom of other diseases and infections such as sinus infection, tonsillitis, ear infections and adenoid infections.
  • Catarrh also occurs with allergies.



Here are the 7 Warning Signs of Catarrh

1. Nasal discharge A runny nose may be the first sign of catarrh. The nasal discharge may become thick as infection sets in. If it is clear, it may mean that the mucus is caused by an allergy. When the mucus is thick and green or yellow in color, it signals a possible infection such as sinusitis, rhinitis or bronchitis.

There are early warning signs of catarrh that you can be aware of. If you have these symptoms, make sure you seek treatment as soon as you can. The sooner you treat the catarrh the better. Often you can stave off a more serious infection. Sometimes catarrh can be chronic, even occurring daily. When catarrh is chronic it may be associated with an allergy. Seasonal allergies to pollen and moulds account for some catarrh while year-round catarrh may be attributed to allergies to dust or animal dander. It is rather interesting to note that people like pneumonia after bronchitis if they are presented in an easy and clear way. The presentation of an article too is important for one to entice people to read it!



  • Coughing A post-nasal drip is mucus that drips into the throat instead of coming out of the nose.
  • This may be because the nasal passages are stuffy or swollen.
  • The mucus can collect in the throat, inducing a coughing reaction to remove the excess phlegm.
  • It is always better to have compositions with as little corrections in it as possible.
  • This is why we have written this composition on Bronchitis with no corrections for the reader to be more interested in reading it.



Catarrh may signal the beginning of more serious illnesses. These may include rhinitis, sinus infection and bronchitis. Take care to treat the symptoms of catarrh seriously. If your catarrh continues to worsen or is chronic, you should consult with your doctor. Do not judge a book by its cover; so don't just scan through this matter on Bronchitis. read it thoroughly to judge its value and importance.

Stuffy Nose

Mucus may become thick and block the nasal passages making a stuffy nose. This is often the first symptom of the onset of a cold or allergy. The presentation of an article on Bronchitis plays an important role in getting the reader interested in reading it. This is the reason for this presentation, which has gotten you interested in reading it! Laughing

Sore Throat

The throat may become sore due to thick mucus that flows into the throat. 6. Throat clearing You may find yourself wanting to clear your throat often. This signals that mucus is dripping into your throat, also known as post-nasal drip. We were actually wondering how to get about to writing about Bronchitis. However once we started writing, the words just seemed to flow continuously!

There are at home remedies to treat catarrh. The best thing you can do is to try to keep the mucus thin by increasing humidity in the air. This can easily be done using a humidifier at home or in the office. Alternatively, you can boil some water and inhale the steam. When the sinuses are painful, apply a hot compress to the face, which will help loosen the thick mucus. Some of the matter found here that is pertaining to Bronchitis seems to be quite obvious. You may be surprised how come you never knew about it before!

Mouth Breathing

You may be breathing through your mouth often, especially at night. This may be more noticeable with children who have catarrh. It is with much interest that we got about to write on Bronchitis. So we do hope that you too read this article with the same, if not more interest!

Is quite common for cats to present to veterinary clinics with a chronic cough or wheeze. The problem may be constant or just recur from time to time, and can range from mild to severe. Clinically the disease may resemble human asthma, but the term feline asthma can be misleading as there are a number of different possible causes. Here we look at what those underlying causes can be, and the different forms of treatment available to affected cats. Surprised.

Glucocorticoid drugs (steroids) used in inhalers include Beclometasone, Fluticasone and Budesonide. Beclometasone is cheap, but is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream when you want it to hang around in the area where it applied. Fluticasone is more expensive, but tends to stay where you want it to. Budesonide is relatively inexpensive and though it is easily absorbed into the bloodstream, it tends to be removed the first time it goes through the liver.

Bronchoalveolar Lavage

This is similar to the technique described above, but the catheter is inserted all the way into a lower airway before the saline is injected and withdrawn. This is therefore a good test for lower airway disease. People have an inclination of bragging on the knowledge they have on any particular project. However, we don't want to brag on what we know on Bronchitis, so long as it proves useful to you, we are happy.

Treatment The aims of treatment are as follows. 1. Eliminate any suspected infectious agents. This may be a sufficiently long course of antibiotics if bacterial infection is suspected, or a wormer such as fenbendazole if lungworm is suspected. You will learn the battling with the cough symptoms in chronic bronchitis once you are through reading this matter. Chronic Bronchitis are very important, so learn its importance.

The Differentials

There are a large number of possible diagnoses when a cat first presents with coughing or breathing difficulty. Here are some of the more important ones: We have gone through extensive research and reading to produce this article on Bronchitis. Use the information wisely so that the information will be properly used.

The Pathology

Little is known about the underlying causes or exacerbating factors in feline asthma. There may be an element of genetic predisposition. While chronic inhalation of airway irritants, such as smoking, has been shown to cause bronchitis in humans, this has not been studied in detail in cats. Likewise, allergens such as pollen, housedust mites, dander, fungal spores, dust and cat litter could all be implicated theoretically. If you find anything extra mentioning about Chronic Bronchitis, do inform us. It is only through the exchange of views and information will we learn more about Chronic Bronchitis. Shocked

Pulmonary Edema

Often due to severe heart disease.Infectious bronchitis. This can be due to bacteria, viruses or parasites.Pleural disease. Filling of the space between the lung and the chest wall with air or an effusion.Cancer. This can be a primary lung tumor or metastatic spread.Potassium bromide induced respiratory disease. A side effect from an anti-epileptic drug.Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Responds poorly to treatment.Pulmonary thromboembolus. Lodging of a clot in a respiratory blood vessel causing sudden onset breathing difficulty.Pulmonary hypertension. Usually secondary to other heart or respiratory disease.

Cats usually present with one or all the following signs: CoughingWheezingDifficulty breathing A minority of cases will have the classic human status asthmaticus, rapid onset breathing difficulty due to severe narrowing of the bronchi. Cats tend to be middle aged or older, and Siamese cats may be more prone than other breeds. After many hopeless endeavors to produce something worthwhile on Infectious Bronchitis, this is what we have come up with. We are very hopeful about this!

Bronchodilator drugs used in inhalers include Salbutamol and Salmeterol. Salbutamol is very fast acting and therefore useful in a crisis caused by spasm of the bronchi. However, it only lasts for about 30 minutes and is therefore unsuitable for chronic therapy as frequent dosing is required. Salmeterol on the other hand is longer acting, and lasts for about 12 hours so twice daily dosing is possible. Salmeterol is better for long term control of mild to moderate asthma while Salbutamol is better for relief of acute bronchospasm. Get more familiar with Infectious Bronchitis once you finish reading this article. Only then will you realize the importance of Infectious Bronchitis in your day to day life. Laughing



  • Radiography The next test performed is usually thoracic radiography.
  • This is best performed under general anesthetic so there is lee chance for motion blur, though in acute situations this is not possible.
  • This is where the most meaningful information can be gained.
  • We wish to stress on the importance and the necessity of Bronchitis through this article.
  • This is because we see the need of propagating its necessity and importance! Rolling Eyes
  • Remove or avoid airway irritants.
  • The most obvious one is ensuring the cat has no contact with cigarette smoke, and purchasing dust free cat litter.




Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive; Airflow Obstruction, Chronic





Lung Biopsy

This is an invasive procedure that carries a significant risk to the patient. It is only indicated where diffuse cancer or extensive fibrosis is suspected, or in severe disease that responds poorly to treatment. Nothing abusive about Infectious Bronchitis have been intentionally added here. Whatever it is that we have added, is all informative and productive to you.

Aerosol therapy has the advantage that the maximum concentration of drug is delivered to the target site. This means that lower overall doses can be used, and the cat is less likely to suffer the negative side effects of steroids. Various inhalers can be used in both cats and dogs, but they tend to be designed for humans. As a result, higher doses are given compared with human medicine, as humans can be instructed to breathe deeply whereas cats will breathe normally at best. Even if you are a stranger in the world of Infectious Bronchitis, once you are through with this article, you will no longer have to consider yourself to be a stranger in it! Evil or Very Mad

Diagnosis 1. Clinical examination The first step in the diagnostic protocol is a thorough clinical examination by a veterinarian. This should localize the origin of the disease to the upper airways, lower airways or pleural space. If the cat is found to have pleural disease, a needle may be inserted straight away to remove either air or a sample of the effusion for both diagnosis and short term treatment of the respiratory distress. A substantial amount of the words here are all inter-connected to and about Bronchitis. Understand them to get an overall understanding on Bronchitis.

Treatment Lifelong?

Generally yes. Doses can often be reduced gradually once clinical remission has been achieved. As with many chronic conditions, complete control might not always be possible and an acceptable quality of life is the main aim of the treatment. We found it rather unbelievable to find out that there is so much to learn on Chronic Bronchitis! Wonder if you could believe it after going through it!

To return to the comparison with human asthma, when trying to understand the underlying causes it is important to differentiate between asthma (constriction of the bronchi), chronic bronchitis (oversecretion of mucus with a chronic cough) and COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Asthma is reversible bronchial constriction caused by eosinophil cells, whereas COPD is irreversible bronchial constriction involving neutrophil cells. Infectious Bronchitis is the substance of this composition. Without Infectious Bronchitis, there would not have been much to write and think about over here!

Spacer Devices

A spacer device consists of a chamber into which the aerosol drug is released at one end, with a mask at the other end which fits snugly over the cats mouth and nose. Human baby spacer devices (e.g. Babyhaler) can be easily adapted for cats. Alternatively, veterinary spacers specifically designed for cats are now on the market (e.g. Aerokat). The spacer should be held over the cats nose and mouth for about 30 seconds to ensure complete delivery of the drugs. It should be remembered that aerosol steroid therapy can take up to 2 weeks to reach full effect, and if the cat has been on oral steroids previously, these should be phased out slowly during these initial 2 weeks. In addition to what we had mentioned in the previous paragraph, much more has to be said about Infectious Bronchitis. If space permits, we will state everything about it. Embarassed

Bronchoscopy Bronchoscopy allows visualization of the larger airways, and assessment for increased mucus and inflammation. 4. Tracheal wash This involves injecting a small amount of saline into the trachea and immediately withdrawing it, and then examining the cells and debris harvested under a microscope. Our dreams of writing a lengthy article on Bronchitis has finally materialized Through this article on Bronchitis. however, only if you acknowledge its use, will we feel gratitude for writing it!

The Seretide Evohaler is useful for cats requiring both steroid and bronchodilator therapy. It contains salbutamol and fluticasone, a combination allowing minimal dosing frequency. This is a systematic presentation on the uses and history of Chronic Bronchitis. Use it to understand more about Chronic Bronchitis and it's functioning.

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